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A home for paediatricians. A voice for children and youth.

IMICH 2023 Final Program

07:30 - 17:00

Registration ( Weather Centre )

07:30 - 08:30

Continental Breakfast ( Promenade Foyer )

08:30 - 10:30

Opening Ceremonies ( Tulsa Ballroom )

Keynote Address by Jeneda Benally

Jeneda Benally

Jeneda Benally is Dine’(Navajo) originally from Black Mesa, Arizona. A multi-award winning, Grammy-nominated artist, Jeneda tours internationally and facilitates youth empowerment workshops. She is the Executive Producer/Creator of Indigenous YOUth Nation, a national radio show created for/by/with teens and tweens. Jeneda is a Founding Board Member and Ambassador for The National Institute of Law and Justice. She works alongside her father, Jones Benally—the first medicine man to work in an allopathic hospital—and has been a plaintiff, advocate and voice for the protection of sacred and holy places.

10:30 - 11:00

Break ( Promenade Foyer )

11:00 - 12:30

Oral Abstracts

Oral Abstracts
*Denotes presenting author

Birthing and maternity Care ( Promenade Salon A )


What Our Mothers Need: Indigenous Maternity Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic Withdrawn

Tyara Marchand*, Erin Davis, Jennifer Leason


Mental Wellness of Birth Helpers who are Restoring First Nation Birth Knowledge and Practices

Stephanie Sinclair


Restoring the Sacred Bond

Jolene Mercer*, Southern Network of Care, Health in Common


Implementing and Indigenous Birth Helper Program in Misipawistik Cree Nation

Valentina McKay*, Stephanie Sinclair, First Nation Health and Social Secretariat of Manitoba

COVID-19 and viral infections ( Promenade Salon B )


Viral infections and co-infections among American Indian and Alaska Native children with acute respiratory illness, 2019–2022

Marqia Sandoval*, Rachel M. Hartman, Catherine G. Sutcliffe, Deionna Vigil, Chelsea S. Lutz, Dennie Parker, Amy Swango Wilson, Christine Desnoyers, Joseph Klejka, Mila Prill, Angela P. Campbell, Meredith McMorrow, Jessica E. Atwell, Natasha Halasa, Jim Chappell, James W. Keck, Rosalyn J. Singleton, Laura L. Hammitt


Post-COVID conditions among Native American children in the Southwest US

Catherine Sutcliffe, Verlena Little*, Dennie Parker, Marqia Sandoval, Rachel Hartman, Alexa Kugler, Chelsea S. Lutz, Laura Hammitt, Melissa Briggs Hagen, Sharon Saydah, Tarayn A. Fairlie


Drive-Through Pediatric Sick Visits During the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic: A Safe and Efficient Model for Testing, Treatment, and Evaluation of Native American Children in Rural Oklahoma

Tangra Broge*, Beth Feather-Mittelstet, Brittani Rushing


Engagement of Aboriginal children and their families during the COVID-19 Vaccination Program in Western Australia 2021-2022

Francine Eades*, Wanita Bartholomeusz, West Australian Aboriginal Elders, Leaders and Community Advice

Health promotion and disease prevention ( Promenade Salon C )


Evaluation of a high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration pilot project: formative research to support a future indoor air quality bronchiolitis clinical trial

Madilyn Short, Christine Desnoyers*, Rosalyn Singleton, Jennifer Dobson, James Keck, Gretchen Day, Jennifer Shaw, Matthew Hirschfeld


Impact of a prenatal vitamin D supplementation program on vitamin D deficiency, rickets and early childhood dental cavities in an Alaska Native population

Melanie McIntyre, Rosalyn Singleton*, Christine Desnoyers, Joseph Klejka, David Compton, Joseph Mclaughlin, Leanne Ward, Robert Schroth, Kenneth Thummel, Dane Lenaker, Rachel Lescher, Timothy Thomas


Caries risk assessment in preschool children: A pilot validation of the new Canadian caries risk assessment tool for use by non-dental primary health care providers

Robert Schroth*, Adam Siray, Betty-Anne Mittermuller, Victor Lee, Ralph Hu, Olobukola Olatosi, Hamideh Alai-Tofigh, Lisette Dufour, Healthy Smile Happy Child Initiative Team


Children's Oral Health Initiative: Contributing to Community-based Early Childhood Oral Healthcare in First Nations Communities in Canada

Katherine Yerex, Bob Schroth*, Gloria Lee


Diseases and mortality representation among children of the Uitoto indigenous people of the Colombian Amazon, 2019-2020

Marcela Benavides


Researching on Noongar Boodja: A community and stakeholder driven research strategy

Dan McAullay*, Clair Scrine, Anne McKenzie


Substance Misuse Prevention Trial in the Cherokee Nation

Hannah LaBounty*, Juli Skinner, Bethany Livingston, Ashley Lincoln, Emily Ivanich, Terrence Kominsky, Melvin D. Livingston, Kelli Komro


Plugging the gap: Using patient-led initiatives to address the burden of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Fiji

Erini Tokarua, Ilikena Malo, Maria Mow, Fiona Langridge, Sainimere Boladuadua*, Jima Kailawadoko


Improving Literacy for School Success in Tribal Clinics

Susanna Basappa*, Sarah Atunah-Jay, Manisha Salinas, Supriya Behl, Karen Schaepe


Azhe’é Bidziil (Strong Fathers): Lessons learned from the evaluation of an American Indian (AI) fatherhood program to improve the health and wellbeing of Navajo fathers

Jennifer Richards, Tiffani Begay*, Leander Staley*


Walkern Katatdjin (Rainbow Knowledge): Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander LGBTQA+ Youth Mental Health and Social Emotional Wellbeing

Bep Uink, Shakara Liddelow-Hunt*, Ashleigh Lin, Braden Hill, Yael Perry


Implicit Bias. Kidz First Hospital New Zealand. The start of a journey

Adrian Trenholme*, Anton Blank, Ngāti Porou-Ngāto Kahugnunu, Kimi Tangaere, Ngaati Poorou, Te Hao Appapa-Timu, Ngaati Ranginui, Ngaati Kahungunu, Ngaati Awa me Ngaati Poorou, Nalei Taufa, Flo Chan Mow, Miriam Manga, Ngati Kahungunu ki Wairoa, Minerva Ikimau, Shanthi Ameratunga. Cass Byrnes, Ngati Raukawa ki te tonga

12:30 - 14:00

Roundtable Luncheon (Session A) ( Tulsa Ballroom )

During this session, choose a topic you would like to discuss and join other delegates with shared interests for lively discussions on pertinent topics, trends and issues. Share perspectives and experiences and learn about approaches and initiatives in other communities. Lunch will be provided.

14:00 - 15:30

Concurrent Session B


Innovative service delivery ( Promenade Salon A )

The Chickasaw Nation’s Empowered Living Clinic

Stephanie Schofield, MD (Chickasaw)
Kayla Dewitt, PT, DPT, TPS, CFPS (Chickasaw)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Examine how best practices for pediatric obesity management can be applied in a tribal setting.
  2. Integrate into daily practice these principles of care.

Pathways for Urban Indigenous Children with Developmental Differences: The Power of Collaboration

Ryan Giroux, MD, FRCPC (Métis, Métis Nation of Alberta)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Examine various barriers that exist for urban Indigenous children with developmental differences seeking developmental services.
  2. Collaborate with different disciplines, and local/regional partnerships to successfully develop integrative service planning for Indigenous children with developmental differences.
  3. Apply best practices in this collaborative and culturally rooted approach to other urban contexts.

Social determinants of health ( Promenade Salon B )

The social and biological ecology of chronic disease in indigenous people: Development of a new multi-dimensional model

Jim Jarvis, MD (Mohawk)
Meagan Chriswell, M.D./PhD candidate (Cherokee)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Examine how chronic and repetitive trauma has adverse effects that can be biologically transmitted across generations.
  2. Identify new treatment models for arthritis and how they may impact immune function and other aspects of health through dietary changes.
  3. Provide community-based solutions for what are commonly perceived as medical problems by supporting children and young mothers with achieving healthy diets.

POV: Haudenosaunee Registered Dietitian and Our Food System

Teri Morrow, MA, RD (Cayuga of Six Nations of the Grand River)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify ancient traditional foods vs. more modern traditional comfort foods.
  2. Recognize the resiliency of traditional foods, still used today, in Haudenosaunee communities that are not found on grocery store shelves. 
  3. Identify environmental contaminants and their impact on traditional foods used today and how to monitor it for a healthy future.

Infectious diseases ( Executive )

Establishing and addressing the burden of Staphylococcus aureus infections in Indigenous children

Monica Pilewskie, MPH (Mescalero Apache)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify S. aureus as a major public health concern for Indigenous pediatric populations worldwide. 
  2. Implement best practices targeted to address prevention and care of pediatric S. aureus infections in indigenous children.

Mental health and wellness ( Promenade Salon C )

“CULTURE FORWARD:” Promoting Cultural Strengths to Prevent American Indian/Alaska Native Youth Suicide

Victoria O'Keefe, PhD (Cherokee Nation, Seminole Nation)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe a new resource guide about Indigenous youth suicide. 
  2. Identify examples of community-based programs and research focused on cultural strengths to prevent Indigenous youth suicide.

Cultural Connection & Mental Health for American Indian Adolescents

Alessandra Angelino, MD MPH

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Recognize the impact of cultural connection and identity on mental health outcomes for AI/AN youth and adolescents.
  2. Develop skills to engage youth in conversations about identity and cultural connection and assess correlation to mental health. 
  3. Identify existing resources to develop and implement community-based interventions that strengthen cultural connection and resilience.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder ( Diplomat )

The New Brunswick Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Dream Catcher Service Delivery Model

Annette Cormier, MSI (Mi'kmaq and Ojibwa)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Recognize the importance of cultural background as it ties in with the health of our aboriginal communities.
  2. Describe how merging of paradigm with western medicine and First Nations science created a safe space for healing. 
  3. Apply a First Nation’s culturally safe and appropriate FASD service delivery model as health care best practice.

Our Children are Sacred App: An Innovative Resource Hub for Tribal Health and Community

Theresa Grant (citizen of the Turtle Mountain Nation of North Dakota)
Mike Watson, BSc

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify the need for an FASD resource hub specifically made by and for Indigenous communities.
  2. Discuss the relationship building necessary to design an app for people from diverse cultures and backgrounds. 
  3. Demonstrate how an app can bring health resources to Indigenous communities.
15:30 - 16:00

Break ( Promenade Foyer )

16:00 - 17:00

Plenary Session ( Tulsa Ballroom )

We are all connected: Mentorship and career pathways for Indigenous health professionals

Lisa Richardson, MD (Anishinaabe)
Jason Deen, MD (Blackfeet)

Representation matters, which is why Indigenous mentors in health care are so important to trainees and potential students. Representation also matters to patients, so increasing the number of Indigenous health professionals is an important part of improving care. This session explores successful models for encouraging Indigenous students to consider medicine and for supporting and encouraging Indigenous trainees throughout their education and into practice.


After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe the importance of Indigenous practitioners to Indigenous child health
  2. Describe barriers and facilitators to recruiting Indigenous students to health professions (with an emphasis on child and youth health)
  3. Identify how they can encourage or support Indigenous practitioners currently working in their communities or institutions

17:00 - 18:00

Poster Session I with Reception ( Promenade Salon D )

Poster Abstracts
*Denotes presenting author

  1. Taking a step back: Understanding the fourth space in improving healthcare access for children with acute respiratory infections in the Fiji Islands.
    Sainimere Boladuadua*, Cameron Grant, Fiona Langridge, Stephen Howie

  2. Expanding Syphilis Response with Small Hospital-Based Public Health Department on Navajo Nation
    Amanda Burrage, Anathea Edleman*, Jamie Wilson*, Jarred McAteer, Sophina Calderon, Diana Hu, Rickey Lawson, Krishanya Smith, Chad Barlow, Neenah Trujillo

  3. Postpartum Depression among AI Mothers and the Need for Continued Research
    Ashleigh Coser*, Terrence Kominsky, Brady Garrett

  4. Association between access to oral health care and early childhood caries in Manitoban Indigenous communities
    Daniella DeMare*, Maria Manigque, Robert Schroth, JaeHee Jin, Betty-Anne Mittermuller, Scaling-up the Healthy Smile Happy Child Initiative Team

  5. Visual Conversation on Liver Wellness
    Kate Dunn

  6. The Strep A Detectives find their first clue: identification of Streptococcus pyogenes (Strep A) on classroom surfaces informs environmental health interventions to reduce incidence
    Stephanie Enkel*, Bernadette Wong, Abbey Ford, Janessa Pickering, Liam Bedford, Slade Sibosado, Hannah Thomas, Nina Lansbury, Jonathan Carapetis, Asha C. Bowen

  7. Reducing the incidence of Streptococcus pyogenes infections through environmental health interventions: the need for further research
    Stephanie Enkel*, Hannah Thomas, Ray Christophers, Nina Lansbury, Jonathan Carapetis, Asha C. Bowen

  8. Putting the P in SToP: Health Promotion and Environmental Health in the See, Treat and Prevent Skin Sores and Scabies Trial
    Stephanie Enkel*, Tracy McRae, Hannah Thomas, Nina Lansbury, Juli Coffin, Roz Walker, Ray Christophers, Jonathan Carapetis, Asha C. Bowen

  9. Snakebite envenoming: An under-recognised threat to indigenous children in tropical and subtropical regions
    Lucy Guile*, Adrienne Lee, Daniel Martin, José María Gutiérrez

  10. Food Can Be Medicine: Decolonizing Nutrition as a Mitigating Factor for Dietary Degradation
    Eva Ihle*, Joshua Sparrow, Crystal Wahpepah

  11. Voices of Indigenous students at Queen’s University: Holistic Wellness Experiences and Perspectives
    Claire Lamothe*, Julia Moreau*, Caroline Instrum, Amrita Roy

  12. A systematic review and narrative synthesis of respiratory research among Māori and Pacific children living in Aotearoa, New Zealand
    Mataroria Lyndon*, Moana Research: Matenga-Ikihele, A., Fa’alili-Fidow, J., Tiakia, D., Natua, J., Gentles, D., Malugahu, G., Tuesday, R., Hapai Te Hauora: Ngawati, M.

  13. The Friendship Centre Movement: Building Culturally Safe Pathways to Supporting Urban Indigenous Children’s Health
    Victoria Marchand

  14. Association and Disparities of Food Insecurity and Child Abuse: Analysis of the National Survey of Children’s Health
    Cassie McCoy*, Molly Bloom, Amy Hendrix-Dicken, Micah Hartwell

  15. Improving Hearing Screening in Children and Adolescents at an Ambulatory Indian Health Service Facility
    Melanie Mester*, April Graham

  16. Promoting Young Child Wellness in the Pediatric Clinic within the Chickasaw Nation
    Beth Mittelstet*, Misty Boyd

  17. Building a knowledge exchange platform for interrupting toxic stress and supporting well-being of Indigenous youth : stories from sport, art and culture
    Emma Mortimore*, Kate Dunn, Lynden Crowshoe, Rita Henderson

  18. Screening for Symptoms of Traumatic Stress in Primary
    Jackie Nelson*, Louisa Mook

  19. Determinants of positive well-being among First Nations children WITHDRAWN
    Sawayra Owais*, Maria B. Ospina, Camron D. Ford, Troy Hill, John Krzeczkowski, Jacob A. Burack, Ryan J. Van Lieshout

  20. Outcomes of Remote First Nations Residency Program Stream (RFNRS): A tri-partite Agreement Between Northern Ontario School of Medicine University (NOSM U), Matawa First Nations Management (MFNM), and Eabametoong First Nation (EFN) in Northern Ontario Canada
    Jacinta Oyella*, George Drazenovich, Paul Capon, Robert Baxter, Centre for Rural and Northern Health Research (CRaNHR)

  21. Dermatology Access and Needs of American Indian and Alaska Native adolescents
    Micah Pascual*, Sarah J. Schmiege, Doug Novins, Spero Manson, Lucinda L. Kohn

  22. The burden of atopic dermatitis and bacterial skin infections among urban-living Indigenous children and young people in high-income countries: a systematic review
    Bernadette Ricciardo, Asha Bowen*, Heather-Lynn Kessaris, Prasad Kumarasinghe, Jonathan R. Carapetis

  23. Describing skin health and disease in urban-living Aboriginal children: co-design, development and feasibility testing of the Koolungar Moorditj Healthy Skin pilot project
    Bernadette Ricciardo, Asha Bowen*, Heather-Lynn Kessaris, Uncle Noel Nannup, Aunty Dale Tilbrook, Brad Farrant, Carol Michie, Lorraine Hansen, Richelle Douglas, Jacinta Walton, Ainslie Poore, Alexandra Whelan, Timothy C. Barnett, Prasad Kumarasinghe, Jonathan Carapetis

    Martine Roberge*, Stéphanie Sicard-Thibodeau, Leigh Ann Gates

  25. Spirometry testing during a community health fair in rural areas of the Navajo reservation.
    Ann Salvator

  26. Changes in preschool children’s body mass index following dental surgery to treat early childhood caries
    Robert Schroth*, Mariah Arches, Victor Lee, Betty-Anne Mittermuller, Tara Kennedy, Aaron Szucsik

  27. Eruption time of the first primary tooth as a risk factor for early childhood caries in Indigenous children
    Robert Schroth*, Saif Goubran, Betty-Anne Mittermuller

  28. Standardizing and Improving Hyperbilirubinemia Management in the Nursery  WITHDRAWN
    Jonathan Walther*, Karis Butler, Tiffany Layton; Kathryn Conyer, Ashley Kreis, Mallory Henderson, Kathy Gilchrist

  29. The formation of urban Aboriginal community advisory groups to develop and evaluate culturally relevant health literacy and health promotion resources on moorditj (strong) healthy skin
    Jacinta Walton, Bernadette Ricciardo, Heather-Lynn Kessaris, Uncle Noel Nannup, Aunty Dale Tilbrook, Brad Farrrant, Carol Michie, Richelle Douglas, Nadia Rind, Jodie Ingrey, Brenda Warner, Ainslie Poore, Ingrid Amgarth-Duff, Hannah Thomas, Asha Bowen*

  30. Co-Creating Mental Health Interventions
    Gabrielle Warren*, Anna Giesbrecht

  31. Dental Therapy's Impact on Alaska Native Children & Communities
    Brett Weber, Ahniwake Rose*

  32. Métis Girl's mental health and wellness in British Columbia, Canada WITHDRAWN
    Tanya Davoren*, Jillian Jones

  33. Improving Adolescent Sexual Health Through an Educational Toolkit for Providers in Rural Alaska
    Anna Martin (Royek)*, Hannah E. Warren, Tracy L. Brewer
07:30 - 16:30

Registration ( Weather Centre )

08:00 - 09:00

Poster Session II with Breakfast ( Promenade Salon D )

09:00 - 10:00

Plenary Session ( Tulsa Ballroom )

Hope, healing and resilience: What have we learned from the COVID-19 pandemic?

Amrita Roy, PhD, MD, CCFP
Autumn Watson, BA (Anishinaabe)

COVID-19 and the associated public health measures created difficult circumstances for many Indigenous families and communities. In addition to the illness itself, the COVID-19 pandemic brought restrictions on community gatherings and socialization, school and work attendance, health services, and even some outdoor spaces. The effects on mental health and well-being, educational outcomes, and physical health are still being documented. Yet some reports describe unintended positive outcomes. This session explores some of the effects of the pandemic on children and youth in Indigenous communities, and how the lessons learned can be used to improve health and community services.


After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe the health, social, and educational effects of the pandemic on Indigenous children and youth
  2. Identify the factors that helped communities minimize the negative effects of the pandemic on children and youth
  3. Identify model programs that may be useful to address pandemic-related challenges in participants' communities

10:00 - 10:30

Break ( Promenade Foyer )

10:30 - 12:00

Concurrent Session C


Mental health and wellness ( Promenade Salon A )

A Wellness Knowledge Exchange to Support Indigenous Children & Youth

Nancy Young, PhD

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Review a new knowledge exchange platform of wellness resources (spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical) that support Indigenous children and youth. 
  2. Appraise how their community or organization could benefit from and contribute to these resources to support diverse Indigenous children and youth in their home communities.

Supporting the Trajectory of our Spirit: Living the Cree Pimatisiwin and Blackfoot Ki’paitaipiiwahsinnooni (Our Spiritual Way of Life)

Chyloe Healy, BSc (Kainai/Blood Tribe)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Apply their own process for developing Nation defined wellness indicators based on the needs and protocols of that Nation. 
  2. Critique the implemented epidemiological measures currently used to measure health in the community.

Indigenous and Western worldviews ( Promenade Salon B )

Walking Together: Mobilizing Indigenous and Western Knowledge to Support Health Outcomes for Indigenous Children and Adolescents living with Disabilities

Elise Matthews, RN, PhD, BScN, BA

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify five common values of an Indigenous perspective on childhood disability and health promotion from across Turtle Island.
  2. Evaluate the process of developing collaborative partnerships between multiple communities, service organizations, and health researchers to improve health care services. 
  3. Assess how, as clinicians and researchers, they integrate Indigenous and Western knowledge in their practice with children, families, and communities, and identify resources to expand that capacity.

The wonder: Two worlds, worlds apart, working together

Pamela Laird, PhD, B.Science (physiotherapy), dist

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Examine key features of a combined Participatory Action Research/ Implementation Science approach and how to use the approach in First Nations contexts. Methods used for community engagement, partnerships, and health service contributions in research projects.
  2. Identify the common barriers experienced and how barriers can be addressed and overcome with a partnership approach. 
  3. Describe three research examples of successful implementation of the approach with sustained benefit to children's respiratory health in several First Nations communities.

Resiliency and social-emotional health ( Promenade Salon C )

Exploring the Social-Emotional Strengths of Indigenous Youth Who Have Experienced Structural Marginalization

Melissa Tremblay, PhD, RPsych (Métis)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify ways in which conventional methods for assessing social-emotional health and wellbeing are rooted in colonial perspectives and practices.
  2. Recognize the perspectives of youth and service providers regarding promising practices for supporting social-emotional health and wellbeing in culturally safe ways. 
  3. Apply knowledge of methods for putting into practice a strength-based approach to working with Indigenous youth.

Promoting Health, Wellbeing and Resiliency in the Next Generation

Julie Alexander-Ruff, Ed.D., MSN, RN, APRN, CPNP-PC

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Discuss the importance of resiliency in promoting health and well-being among elementary-aged children.
  2. Identify factors in an elementary school classroom environment that promote and threaten a child’s resiliency. 
  3. Apply specific interventions that promote American Indian children’s resiliency in elementary school classrooms.

Community programs ( Executive )

Achieving American Indian Youth Energy and Mental Health Balance

Francine Gachupin, PhD, MPH (Jemez Pueblo)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify objective measures to assess change in healthy behaviors. 
  2. Identify key health promotion topic areas in health promotion curricula.

The VOICES project: A novel method to engage children and youth in community injury prevention intervention

Ian Pike, BSPE, MSc, PhD
Shazya Karmali, PhD

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Apply the VOICES methodology and its relevance to their own jurisdictions and injury prevention work. 
  2. Review the VOICES methodology through practical involvement in the steps of the process.

Northern health ( Diplomat )

The Innu Midwifery Project: Restoring Midwifery and Community Birth

Jason White

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify and define cultural safety in healthcare systems for Innu peoples.
  2. Define Innu representation in health professions such as midwifery.
  3. Assess and evaluate access to cultural safe maternity care close to community and home.
  4. Evaluate progress of program implementation and the reduction of anti-Indigenous racism in health systems.
  5. Increase support systems for Indigenous women and families.
  6. Increase Innu control and responsibility over the design, delivery, and management of their health services.

Practical lessons learned from implementing Nunavut’s new Inuit Child First Initiative service coordination program

Sindu Govindapillai, MD, FRCPC, MPH
Taya Tootoo (Inuk)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify the historically rooted structural inequalities that contribute to poor health outcomes in Inuit children in Inuit Nunangat.
  2. Recognize the ways in which Inuit Child First Initiative and/or Jordan’s Principal funding can be used to address individual and systemic gaps in services for Indigenous children in Canada. 
  3. Illustrate models for improving pediatric practice for Canadian indigenous children through partnership with Child First Initiative and/or Jordan’s Principle programs.
12:00 - 13:30

Lunch on your own

13:30 - 15:00

Concurrent Session D


Adolescent health ( Promenade Salon A )

Building Capacity through Mentorship: Impacts of an Urban-Offering of the Indigenous Youth Mentorship Program in Canada

Tammy Girolami, B.S.P.E., B.Ed., M.Ed.
Reed Thorstad, B.A., B.Ed.

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe how an Indigenous youth-focused, communal-led health promotion program was tailored to an urban community to foster connections and school engagement.
  2. Discuss the impacts of mentorship to those involved in various capacities in community programs. 
  3. Assess how diverse partners can work side-by-side with Indigenous peoples to support youth health through community programs.

Harnessing Cultural Strengths and Intergenerational Programming to Improve Health Outcomes Among Navajo Girls and Their Female Caregivers

Jaime Begay, MPH (Navajo)
Brittany Begay, AS (Navajo)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Apply knowledge about community-based programming implemented with caregiver-youth dyads, its strengths, challenges, and potential ways to overcome those challenges.
  2. Identify key components of the Asdzaan Be’eena’ program that contributed to its success, namely the influence of Native family health coaches. 
  3. Define teen pregnancy and substance use protective and risk factors that were influenced by the Asdzaan Be’eena’ program.

Early years ( Promenade Salon B )

Exploring the data landscapes of First Nations, Inuit and Métis children’s early learning and child care (ELCC)

Margo Greenwood (Cree)
Roseann Larstone, PhD (Métis)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Conceptualize the development of research and data strategies to broaden the existing early learning child care information and research knowledge base.
  2. Recognize available data and identify data gaps within First Nations, Inuit, and Métis existing early learning child care.
  3. Identify and articulate key measures used for First Nations, Inuit, and Métis children’s existing early learning child care, including an international context. 
  4. Examine a list of indicator themes that could be used to inform research and data strategies in First Nations, Inuit, and Métis early learning and child care.

The Maskwacis Early Years: Early Childhood Home Visiting in a First Nations Community

Charlene Rattlesnake, RN (First Nations)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify the value of a co-development process in the creation of a culturally-based early childhood intervention program.
  2. Identify the importance of prioritizing Indigenous culture in the development and implementation of the program. 
  3. Analyze the initial program outcomes of a community-based early childhood intervention program in a First Nations community in Canada.

Notre Zaanfaan (Our Children): Supporting the wholistic wellness of Métis children, youth, and families through prevention-based family support services

Monique Auger (Métis)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Recognize how reconnecting Métis children, youth, and families with their culture and identity may contribute to their wholistic wellness and safety. 
  2. Identify wise practices that exist within Lii Michif Otipemisiwak, and the broader Métis community, for supporting the wholistic wellness and safety of Métis children, youth, and families.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health ( Promenade Salon C )

Substance use concerns in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women during the antenatal and postnatal period

Jocelyn Jones, Dr (Wadjuk, Nyungar)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Use consultation with primary health care providers, the Aboriginal community, and key stakeholders, to develop effective partnerships to improve health outcomes for Aboriginal people. 
  2. Identify features of best practice interventions to address substance use concerns of Aboriginal women in the antenatal and postnatal periods.

Improving health service delivery for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and families

Natalie Strobel, PhD

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Utilise key lessons to improve programs that are being developed and/or implemented to improve translation outcomes. 
  2. Apply an iterative process in developing future programs to improve success.

Environmental health ( Executive )

Old Wisdom, New Climate

Lori Byron, MD, MS, FAAP
Robert Byron, MD, MPH
JoRee LaFrance (Apsáalooke Nation)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify effects of climate and heat on fetuses, cardiovascular health, and mental health.
  2. Describe some traditional knowledge to improve climate-causes problems. 
  3. Apply skills to communicate both concern and prevention strategies to patients at risk for worsening health due to climate and heat.
15:00 - 15:15

Break ( Promenade Foyer )

15:15 - 16:15

Plenary Session ( Tulsa Ballroom )

All are welcome here: Why gender-affirming care matters to Indigenous youth

Shaquita Bell, MD, FAAP (Cherokee)
River Cornelius, MD (Oneyoteaka)
Ryan Giroux, MD, FRCPC (Métis)
Sandy O'Sullivan, PhD (Wiradjuri)

Health care providers in all communities are encountering more youth who identify as LGBTQ, transgender or two-spirt. Many LGBTQ2S Indigenous youth have increased health risks due to discrimination, marginalization, racism, transphobia, and homophobia. Additionally, in nations such as the United States, there have been recent attempts to weaken protections for transgender/gender-diverse youths and efforts to criminalize treatment for these patients. Consequently, there is a need for more understanding of the Indigenous transgender youth experience. This session explores gender-affirming interventions that primary care clinicians can provide to gender-diverse Indigenous youths and their families.

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Recognize barriers to care for transgender youth and create a safe, trans-friendly environment of care
  2. Employ the use of western medicine teaching and traditional practices to better meet the needs of Indigenous transgender/two-spirit youth
  3. Apply strategies to address inequities and intolerance in Indigenous communities

07:00 - 12:00

Registration ( Weather Centre )

07:00 - 08:00

Continental Breakfast ( Promenade Foyer )

08:00 - 09:00

Plenary Session ( Tulsa Ballroom )

Indigenous environmental justice and child health

Victor Carmen, MPH (Crow Creek Sioux Tribe)
Brian Pottle, BEng (Inuit)

Climate change threatens children globally, increasingly driving displacement and migration, and placing Indigenous communities disproportionately at-risk. All health care providers, including those who care for Indigenous communities, must be prepared to confront the health and public health impacts of climate change. The session will center the voice of Indigenous youth and explore climate change effects on land stewardship, food, and the importance of getting back to traditional ways of knowing to address these issues.

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Explain how climate change influences child health in the context of Indigenous communities
  2. Describe the relationship between fossil fuel extraction, the legacy of colonialism, and disproportionate child health impacts of climate change on Indigenous communities
  3. Identify individual actions, systemic solutions, and advocacy opportunities to mitigate the impact of climate change on child health

09:00 - 10:30

Concurrent Session E


Jordan’s Principle ( Promenade Salon A )

Self determination and substantive equality (equity) in public services: Realizing complex goals through the implementation of Jordan’s Principle

Vandna Sinha, PhD

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe the strengths, weaknesses, and impacts of the current implementation of Jordan's Principle,
  2. Assess the ways in which both health equity and Indigenous self determination are undermined by the current implementation of Jordan's Principle. 
  3. Identify key structural supports for achieving both health equity and self determined systems of services.

The unintended consequences of ‘benevolent’ structures and their potential for harm in the implementation of Jordan’s Principle in Manitoba, Canada

Vandna Sinha, PhD

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe and reflect on leveraging the concept of structural violence to advance systemic change in their jurisdiction.
  2. Identify how inter-related structural inequities continue to impede the implementation of Jordan’s Principle in Canada. 
  3. Identify what structural changes are required to advance the social and health equity of Indigenous children in Canada.

Traditional knowledge ( Promenade Salon B )

Braiding traditional ways of knowing for mental health and cultural wellness

Nicole Yawney, MSW RSW (Saulteaux from Fishing Lake First Nation)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Examine the number of Indigenous specific regional/ community partnerships in place.
  2. Identify appropriate Indigenous specific resources. 
  3. Leverage evidence of the unique local Indigenous youth to develop more effective programs within the acute care setting.

Changing the Paradigm – Creating spaces for Aboriginal community ways of knowing and doing within a research Institute committed to Aboriginal health being everyone’s business

Cheryl Bridge (Kija)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Increase awareness of the tools and methodologies for transforming the research sector to incorporate Aboriginal ways of knowing to improve child health research. 
  2. Develop knowledge of Australia’s NHMRC and the Telethon Kids Institute’s approaches to embedding the Aboriginal standards in our research teams.

Respiratory health ( Promenade Salon C )

Environmental Strategies to Reverse Disparities in Respiratory Infections among Indigenous Children

Thomas Kovesi, MD

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Evaluate potential factors associated with increased risk of child respiratory infections in their communities. 
  2. Identify potential strategies to prevent respiratory infections that they can implement in their communities.

Respiratory disease in Indigenous Children in North American and Australia: Quantifying Disease Burden and Assessing Medical Interventions to Prevent Disease and Improve Outcomes

Laura Hammitt, MD

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify ALRI as a major public health concern for Indigenous children worldwide.
  2. Describe different approaches to prevention and care for pediatric. 
  3. Evaluate various interventions for the prevention of RSV.

Measurement and evaluation ( Executive )

Practice, Provider, Patient (& Policy) Evaluation Framework (P3 to P4)

Tracy McRae, MPH

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify crucial factors affecting behaviour change that may not have been considered in previous theoretical frameworks used in evaluating health promotion and prevention activities. 
  2. Assess the P4 framework in the context of their own work involving public policy and health systems and how this model can be translated beyond the Australian Aboriginal context

Aaniish Naa Gegii Children’s Health and Well-Being Measure: Past, Present and Future

Samantha Mandamin (Anishinaabe, Wiikwemkoong Unceded Territory)

- - Learning objectives - -

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Identify what the ACHWM is by getting an overview of the Tool itself, the Balance Chart, and the Resource Hub.
  2. Examine how the ACHWM follows OCAP Principles emphasizing data sovereignty in Indigenous communities and organizations. 
  3. Identify the benefits of using the ACHWM at the community or organization level.
10:30 - 10:45

Break ( Promenade Foyer )

10:45 - 12:00

Closing Ceremonies ( Tulsa Ballroom )

Last updated: Apr 26, 2023